ISSN 2227-9490
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Издается при поддержке Научного совета РАН по изучению и охране культурного и природного наследия,
Проблемной комиссии РАН "Хронобиология и хрономедицина" и Российского философского общества

Powered by Scientific Council for Study and Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage,
Problem Commission ‘ Chronobiology and Chronomedicine’, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Russian Philosophical Society

ЭЛЕКТРОННОЕ НАУЧНОЕ ИЗДАНИЕ
АЛЬМАНАХ ПРОСТРАНСТВО И ВРЕМЯ
[Elektronnoe nauchnoe izdanie Al'manakh Prostranstvo i Vremya]

Electronic Scientific Edition
Almanac Space and Time
[e-Almanac Space and Time]

Часть издательского проекта “Пространство и Время” 
The part of the "Space and Time" Рublishing Рroject
 
 АЛЬМАНАХ В СОЦИАЛЬНЫХ СЕТЯХ 

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УСПЕХИ МОЛОДЫХ ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЕЙ:
МОЛОДЁЖНЫЙ ПРОЕКТ ДЛЯ ТЕХ, КТО ДЕЛАЕТ ПЕРВЫЕ ШАГИ В НАУКЕ

ПРЕСС-РЕЛИЗ совместного проектаФилософского факультета МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова,Московского общества испытателей природы при МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова,Федерального государственного бюджетного научного учреждения«Институт стратегии развития образования Российской академии образования»и «Электронного научного издания Альманах Пространство и Время»в рамках подготовки и проведенияXIX Всемирного фестиваля молодежи и студентов в РоссииФедерального государственного бюджетного научного учреждения  «Институт стратегии развития образования Российской академии образования», Российского университета дружбы народов, Московского общества испытателей природы при МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова и «Электронного научного издания Альманах Пространство и Время»  в рамках подготовки и проведения  XIX Всемирного фестиваля молодежи и студентов в России
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Крымский философский клуб

Крымский травник

Каспийский Диалог 2016



КУЛЬТУРНОЕ НАСЛЕДИЕ КРЫМА: АРТЕФАКТЫ, ДИСКУРСЫ, ОБРАЗЫ / CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE CRIMEA: ARTIFACTS, DISCOURSES, IMAGES / DAS KULTURERBE DER KRIM: DIE ARTEFAKTE, DIE DISKURSE, DIE BILDER

Акимченков В.В.

Почтовые карточки 20-х—30-х гг. ХХ в. Севастопольского музейного объединения как источник для изучения архитектурного наследия Севастополя

Акимченков Виктор Владимирович, аспирант Московского педагогического государственного университета, Москва

ORCID ID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7659-1909

E-mail: viktor-v-akimchenkov@j-spacetime.com; viktor_akimvchenkov@mail.ru


Показана роль и место визуальных источников в источниковедческих исследованиях. Предпринята попытка осмыслить социокультурный феномен и значение в исторических исследованиях советской видовой открытки на примере почтовых карточек, издаваемых в 20-х—30-е гг. ХХ в. Севастопольским музейным объединением. Продемонстрирована возможность использования данной группы источников в изучении иконографии утраченного культурного наследия региона.

Ключевые слова: историческое краеведение; Крымское государственное издательство; почтовая карточка; Севастопольское музейное объединение.

Цитирование по ГОСТ Р 7.0.11—2011:

Акимченков, В. В. Почтовые карточки 20-х—30-х гг. ХХ в. Севастопольского музейного объединения как источник для изучения архитектурного наследия Севастополя [Электронный ресурс] / В.В. Акимченков // Электронное научное издание Альманах Пространство и Время. — 2017. — Т. 14. — Вып. 1: Крымоведение: пространство и время Крыма. — Стационарный сетевой адрес: 2227-9490e-aprovr_e-ast14-1.2017.42.


Akimchenkov V.V.

Sevastopol Museum Association’s Postcards of the 1920s—1930s as a Source for Studying Architectural Heritage of Sevastopol

Viktor V. Akimchenkov, M.Hum. (History), postgraduate student at Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow

ORCID ID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7659-1909

E-mail: viktor-v-akimchenkov@j-spacetime.com; viktor_akimvchenkov@mail.ru


Picture postcards are one of the few visual sources for recreating images of various objects: localities, historical and cultural monuments. This is of particular importance for studying Soviet Russia of 1920s and 1930s, i.e. period, documents and material objects and artifacts of which were partially lost during the WWII, partially remained (and are remained up to now) inaccessible due to ideological prohibitions. Moreover, the vaults and catalogs of postcards have not been published till now, so the exact number of pre-Soviet and Soviet picture postcards is unknown. That’s why a large group of illustrative sources of the 1920s—1930s are not involved in the scientific turnover. This makes picture postcards an object of close study by historians and bibliographers.

So, the subject matter of my article is postcards issued by the Sevastopol Museum Association (SMA) in the 1920s—1930s, which represent cultural (especially architectural and urban) heritage of the Crimea as of 1920s—1930s and to study which I use source, archaeographical and phenomenological analysis. 

In state and private archives, I identified number of such picture postcard series issued by SMA (in some cases, in cooperation with the Crimean State Publishing House), some of which were particularly popular and reprinted in large circulations. Thus, SMA in cooperation with Crimean State Publishing House published their very first of the series in 1928—1929 (by phototyping on the basis of the material of the Production Cooperative Association "Artel of Phototypes", Moscow, commissioned by the Main Directorate for Literature and Publishing of the People's Commissariat of Education of the Crimean ASSR). These postcards were dedicated to monuments of architecture, memorial and historical objects of Sevastopol. In the same years, out-of-series postcards were issued with views of Sevastopol and its environs, including images of architectural objects that were low replicated on postcards of this period.

Crimean State Publishing House and SMA decided to issue a series of postcards depicting values of the Sevastopol Picture Gallery. However, currently, I have identified only two postcards from this series, both of 1928—1929 (Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library): "Alexander the Macedonian’s Battle against Darius, Ivory Carving, Italian Work of the 17th Century" and "Holy Family by Luca Giordano, Neapolitan School of the 17th century".

Thematic postcards with images of architectural monuments and views of Sevastopol were very popular, and SMA has been issued independent issue of cards since the first half of the 1930s. Their plots were completely duplicated ones of cards issued jointly with the Crimean State Publishing House. The most valuable of them are images of objects that were lost during the Great Patriotic War.

However, in the 1930s a series of postcards with fragments of the "Panorama of the Defense of Sevastopol" by Franz F. Roubaud enjoyed special popularity. A considerable part of these postcards was repeatedly reprinted, which indicates both a high level of patriotism and certain militaristic sentiments in pre-WWII Soviet society.

I conclude that postcards of the 1920s-1930s are the adequate subject of analysis of special historical disciplines, such as local history, monument studies, archaeography, etc. This makes it necessary to compile corpus of photodocuments, illustrative catalogs of postcards from museum collections and reference books on them. Publication of such albums will not only introduce new illustrative material into the scientific circulation, but also will allow comprehending it a kind of sociocultural phenomenon.

Keywords: regional studies through history; Crimean State Publishing House; postcard; Sevastopol Museum Association.


Cite MLA 7:

Akimchenkov, V. V. "Sevastopol Museum Association’s Postcards of the 1920s—1930s as a Source for Studying Architectural Heritage of Sevastopol." Electronic Scientific Edition Almanac Space and Time 14.1 (‘Crimean Regional Studies: Space and Time of Crimea’) (2017). Web. <2227-9490e-aprovr_e-ast14-1.2017.42>. (In Russian).

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