ISSN 2227-9490
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Издается при поддержке Научного совета РАН по изучению и охране культурного и природного наследия,
Проблемной комиссии РАН "Хронобиология и хрономедицина" и Российского философского общества

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Problem Commission ‘ Chronobiology and Chronomedicine’, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Russian Philosophical Society

ЭЛЕКТРОННОЕ НАУЧНОЕ ИЗДАНИЕ
АЛЬМАНАХ ПРОСТРАНСТВО И ВРЕМЯ
[Elektronnoe nauchnoe izdanie Al'manakh Prostranstvo i Vremya]

Electronic Scientific Edition
Almanac Space and Time
[e-Almanac Space and Time]

Часть издательского проекта “Пространство и Время” 
The part of the "Space and Time" Рublishing Рroject
 
 АЛЬМАНАХ В СОЦИАЛЬНЫХ СЕТЯХ 

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УСПЕХИ МОЛОДЫХ ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЕЙ:
МОЛОДЁЖНЫЙ ПРОЕКТ ДЛЯ ТЕХ, КТО ДЕЛАЕТ ПЕРВЫЕ ШАГИ В НАУКЕ

ПРЕСС-РЕЛИЗ совместного проектаФилософского факультета МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова,Московского общества испытателей природы при МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова,Федерального государственного бюджетного научного учреждения«Институт стратегии развития образования Российской академии образования»и «Электронного научного издания Альманах Пространство и Время»в рамках подготовки и проведенияXIX Всемирного фестиваля молодежи и студентов в РоссииФедерального государственного бюджетного научного учреждения  «Институт стратегии развития образования Российской академии образования», Российского университета дружбы народов, Московского общества испытателей природы при МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова и «Электронного научного издания Альманах Пространство и Время»  в рамках подготовки и проведения  XIX Всемирного фестиваля молодежи и студентов в России
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ПРОСТРАНСТВА РОССИИ / SPACES OF RUSSIA / RUSSISCHEN RAUMFAHRT

»   2018. Том 16. Выпуск 1-2

DOI 10.24411/2227-9490-2018-11062

Коцюба В.И. 
«…к большему и большему расширению кругозора философской мысли»: духовно-академическая философия в постсоветских историко-философских исследованиях на рубеже ХХ—XXI вв.

Коцюба Вячеслав Иванович, доктор философских наук, доцент кафедры философии Московского физико-технического института (государственного университета)
ORCID IDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6684-6293  
E-mail: vyacheslav-i-kotsyuba@j-spacetime.com; vk1993@mail.ru

В статье представлен обзор и критический анализ отечественных историко-философских исследований наследия духовно-академической философии XIX в. за немногим менее четверти века (1990—2012). Освещены основные направления данных работ, их достижения и недостатки, обозначены отдельные вопросы русской духовно-академической философской мысли, требующие исследовательского внимания.

Ключевые слова: русская духовно-академическая философия; постсоветские историко-философские исследования; монографии; диссертации; персонология.

Цитирование по ГОСТ Р 7.0.11—2011:

Коцюба, В. И. «…к большему и большему расширению кругозора философской мысли»: духовно-академическая философия в постсоветских историко-философских исследованиях на рубеже ХХ—XXI вв. [Электронный ресурс] / В.И. Коцюба // Электронное научное издание Альманах Пространство и Время. — 2018. — Т. 16. — Вып. 1—2. — Стационарный сетевой адрес: 2227-9490e-aprovr_e-ast16-1_2.2018.62. DOI 10.24411/2227-9490-2018-11062.




DOI 10.24411/2227-9490-2018-11062

Kotsyuba V.I. “... Towards More and More Broadening of Outlook of Philosophical Thought”: Ecclesiastical Academic Philosophy in the post-Soviet Studies on History of Philosophy at the Turn of the 20th—21st cc.

Vyacheslav I. Kotsyuba, D.Phil., Associate Professor, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University)
ORCID IDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6684-6293  
E-mail: vyacheslav-i-kotsyuba@j-spacetime.com; vk1993@mail.ru

Ecclesiastical academic philosophy of 19th — early 20th c. played significant role in becoming and development of both secular and religious Russian and Ukrainian philosophy, professional philosophical education in Russia, and in Russian culture as such. In the Soviet period, research on this cultural phenomenon was predominantly ideologically biased, most of the original sources were inaccessible to researchers, and the curriculum of philosophy was to form a negative attitude to any non-Marxist philosophical school of thought. However, since 1990 in Russia, the revival of interest in Russian ecclesiastical academic philosophy has begun, and for the first 20 post-Soviet years a body of research has been formed in this historical-philosophical sphere. This bibliography is itself an object of historical-philosophical research and requires analysis and systematization.

The subject matter of my article is an issue of representations and scientific assessments of ecclesiastical academic philosophy in works of Russian and Ukrainian professional philosophers in the post-Soviet period (1990s—2000s). For my research goals, I used historical-philosophical analysis, source, textual and discourse analysis.

In the 1990s, in post-Soviet states, especially in Russian and Ukraine, the philosophy of the Ecclesiastical Academies became the subject of a special in-depth study, and thanks to the work of Eugeny Gaydadym, Olga Pechurina, Leonid Shaposhnikov, Alexander Abramov, Sergey Pishun, and Maryna Tkachuk ecclesiastical academic philosophy was introduced into the context of the history of Russian philosophical thought and university philosophy teaching programs as worthy of scientific attention significant school of thought. In their review monographs, Sergey Pishun, Irina Tsvyk, Sergei Kornilov in Russia and Maryna Tkachuk in Ukraine carefully examined the main themes and characteristics of philosophical schools formed at Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan and Kiev Ecclesiastical Academics; this authors covered ideas and doctrines of the main representatives of these schools and presented plans for their further comprehensive study. Ecclesiastical academic philosophy was highly appreciated in these works; it was recognized as a model of classical European philosophizing.

In 2000, Maryna Tkachuk published the first work devoted to the methodology of studying spiritual and academic philosophy; Alexey Kruglov and Olga Machkarina in their works study the reception of Kantian philosophy at Ecclesiastical Academies. At the same time, in the 2000s, archival heritage of philosophers-academics becomes the subject of extensive researches. A significant contribution to studying ecclesiastical academic philosophy in this respect is Natalia Kutsenko’s works. In the Russian Far East, a whole galaxy of young scientists under the leadership of Sergey Pishun devoted their dissertations to studying various aspects of philosophy at Ecclesiastical Academies, in fact continuing step-by-step implementation of plan presented in Sergei Pishun’s doctoral thesis. As a result, an independent historical-philosophical school actually formed.

In my paper, I analyzed in detail the advantages and disadvantages of each of these works.

My conclusions are about future studies of this issue. They are as follows:

(i) The problem of more active studying archival materials continues to be relevant. So, the course works on philosophy executed by students of ecclesiastical academies, have not been the subject of special research attention, although it is possible to draw conclusions not only about the nature of mastering philosophy by students and about acquired skills to independent philosophical reasoning, but also about the general attitudes of ecclesiastical academic philosophical tradition. Important for understanding the priorities and principles of spiritual and academic philosophy is even the very set of topics offered to students by their teachers. The names themselves indicate the attitude of philosophers-academicians toward certain thinkers and philosophical issues;

(ii) The actual task of studying the spiritual and academic philosophy of the first half of the 19th century remains the study of the influence of the Wolffian tradition on the formation of this direction. The poor familiarity with the Wolffian ‘school’ philosophy leads to the fact that modern researchers ‘discover’ in the works of academic philosophers novelty and originality where those thinkers simply follow the traditions of German school philosophy. At the same time, some representatives of the spiritual and academic philosophy of the first half of the 19th century criticized certain provisions of Wolffianism. During late 19th c., almost all philosophers-academicians introduced positions different from Wolffian philosophy into ontology and epistemology. Thus, analysis of common features and differences in the Wolffian and ecclesiastical academic traditions could help to better see the specific nature of philosophy at ecclesiastical academies;

(iii) Concepts of both ‘rational’ and ‘mystical’ (and ‘mysticism’) also require analysis and definition. The latter are used without clarifying their meaning in the literature on the philosophy of ecclesiastical academies. Meanwhile, the peculiarity of ecclesiastical academic philosophy of the early 19th c. is in the fact that it was formed in the epoch of the so-called ‘Alexander’s mysticism’ under influence of both Western and Eastern Orthodox mystical traditions. Thus, to assess the influence of mysticism on ecclesiastical academic philosophy, it is important to take into account both the features of the Christian understanding of the ‘mystical’ in general and fundamental differences between the Western and Eastern Christian traditions.

Keywords: Russian ecclesiastical academic philosophy; post-Soviet historical and philosophical studies; monographies; dissertations; personology.

Cite MLA 7:

Kotsyuba, V. I. "“... Towards More and More Broadening of Outlook of Philosophical Thought”: Ecclesiastical Academic Philosophy in the post-Soviet Studies on History of Philosophy at the Turn of the 20th—21st cc." Electronic Scientific Edition Almanac Space and Time 16.1—2 (2018). Web. <2227-9490e-aprovr_e-ast16-1_2.2018.62>. DOI 10.24411/2227-9490-2018-11062. (In Russian).

Список литературы / References